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In the Heart of the Blackland Divide

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Roscoe Vaulters Shine to Open Track Season

Jayden Gonzales, seen here when a Plowboy, is now a track star at McMurry.
Two Roscoe pole vaulters kicked off the 2020 track season in style this past weekend. Plowboy Jaythan Coale, the only Roscoe entry in the ACU High School Invitational on Friday, came away with the gold in the pole vault with a 12’0” vault to defeat athletes from Sonora and Abilene High.

And ex-Plowboy Jayden Gonzales, now a freshman at McMurry, broke his personal record in the men’s pole vault with a vault of 14’ 9½” at the Matador Qualifier in Lubbock Friday. He currently ranks third in the region and in the Top 50 nationally.

Both the Plowboy and Plowgirl track teams open their seasons tomorrow at the Big Spring Howard County Invitational Meet at Blankenship Field in Big Spring. Other participating teams are from Ackerly Sands, Big Spring, Coahoma, Colorado City, Compass Academy, O’Donnell, Forsan, Garden City, Iraan, Loop, Midland Greenwood, Midland Texas Leadership, Grape Creek, Slaton, Stanton, Wall, Whiteface and Wink. The meet begins at noon.

Junior High boys and girls open their track season at the Wolfpack Relays in Colorado City on Friday afternoon starting at 2:30pm.





Election Day for voting in the Presidential Primary in Texas is this coming Tuesday, March 3, with both Republicans and Democrats expecting a large turnout. In Roscoe, voting will take place at Fellowship Hall in the First Baptist Church on 401 Main Street from 7:00am-7:00pm.

For more information about the election and to check your eligibility to vote, click here.



Lillian Gish battles a West Texas drought in the 1928 movie The Wind.
The years of 1917 and 1918 were pivotal years in history. The US entered World War I on April 6, 1917, and was in it until the Axis forces surrendered on November 11, 1918. In 1917, Texas Governor “Pa” Ferguson was impeached and removed from office. In 1918, the Spanish Flu pandemic broke out, killing 675,000 Americans in one year and 50 million people worldwide. Women were granted the right to vote in Texas on March 26, 1918, and in the US a little over a year later. All of these were important events, but none of them affected the people of west Texas more than the great drought that devastated the land those two years.

For the people of Roscoe, the drought wiped out the prosperity, gains, and optimism of the previous years and reminded them that life’s blessings can also be laced with setbacks that must be dealt with and endured. Many residents had to move their families away in order to survive. In others, the women and children stayed back while the men and boys found employment elsewhere and sent money home. Some young men went into the army, while others went to oil boom towns like Ranger in search of jobs. The city would begin to recover financially with good crops in 1919, but in some ways it would never regain its previous bloom.

1916 had ended on a high note for Roscoe with a successful Nolan County Fair and good crops in vegetables, grain, and cotton. The harvest was unimpeded by fall rains, and the winter was also dry. By the spring of 1917, drought conditions had developed, and cowmen and stock farmers “became alarmed and began to reduce their operations.” That spring no substantial moisture came, and farmers waited in vain for a rain that would allow them to plant.

In May, these words of encouragement appeared in the Roscoe Times:

Now and then we hear of a man getting weak in the knees because of the continued drouth.* Some men haven’t the faith of a grain of mustard seed. This is no time to be discouraged. It rarely ever fails to rain 12 or 15 inches here between Christmas and Christmas. Most of this usually comes in the summer months.

If during the remainder of the year we get the least quota of rain usually allotted to us, we may yet make bumper crops. Who knows? Cheer up, gentlemen; throw away your grouch; don a smile—live happy.
*drouth (or drought) is one of those few words in English with two acceptable spellings, and both have been in use for centuries. Historically, if the word is pronounced at the end with a -th, then drouth should be used and if not, then drought. However, no one really pays attention to such details, and either spelling is acceptable, although consistency is preferred.

Some dry-planted in hopes of a June rain that would bring up a crop but never got one—or if they did, July was very hot and dry, and conditions brought about a “sharp deterioration” of what little crop there was. According to more than one source, no cotton was ginned in Roscoe that year or the one that followed.

By October 26, the pep talk was gone, as the Roscoe Times now wrote, 

We venture to say that not in 50 years will the crop failure in Nolan County be so complete again as it has been this year. An extensive drive over the entire county showed only a little feed on the Divide and Nolan communities and almost nothing elsewhere. It is a hard prospect, but we can take consolation in the fact that it is not likely to happen again soon.
Unfortunately, it did happen again soon, and the following year, 1918, was no better than 1917 had been.

On September 23, 1983, the Roscoe Times published the following article that describes what life was like during those two years:

THE 1917-1918 DROUGHT
by Marion Truett Duncan
Very little has been written about the Roscoe drought years 1917-1918. I was only a boy then, but I can remember many things that happened. I want to say from the start that during the two drought years, the Roscoe country was like a desert. The wind blew most of the time out of the west, often blowing the dust on the ground with it. We had some bad sandstorms then. If anyone was away from the house and saw one of the sandstorms coming, they dropped everything to get to the house before it hit.

When the sandstorm hit, you couldn’t see more than a few feet ahead, and the sand would get in your eyes. If caught in one of the bad sandstorms and you had a team to a wagon or horse and buggy, you turned the lines on the reins loose and let the team find their way home as fast as they could. The wind blew the ground off the hard dirt and moved it to the fence rows, pastures, and any objects it could fall behind. The sky was filled with sand and dust when we had these storms. I remember one of the days during the drought, the sky had so much dust that we had to light the coal-oil lanterns to see to eat dinner. My home was built in 1945 on the old garden spot that wasn’t used during the drought. I believe the drought blow-dirt raised the level of the ground near two feet in that old garden site.

The old dirt road from Roscoe to Snyder had sand dunes and drifts on it all the way to Snyder. On some fence rows the blow dirt would cover the fences to the top of the fence post, and a horse could be ridden over the fence.

Although it was the worst drought on record for West Texas, the Roscoe windmills never stopped pumping plenty of good water. The freight and passenger trains never stopped running through Roscoe, and people kept their courage. Those who decided to stay stayed. In this article I have given much emphasis on the blowing wind and sand in a country that was at times in summer like a hot desert.

During the years of the drought almost all the men were gone. The young men went into the army of World War I. The older men left to find work so they could send money back home to their families. The neighbor women helped each other and stuck together like one big family, and they made it with their children through the drought. Most of the older women were early settlers and like the pioneer women they had the courage to see things through. I might add that I don’t ever remember anyone around who got sick from the sand or dirt.

In 1919, the big rains came back. Those who went away to find work came back.  The war had ended and the soldiers were coming back. In that year a good crop was made with a good price, and it was the start for some good years instead.
Here are some additional drought-related remarks from Marion Duncan’s article, “Windmills.”
It was during the drought years when we had our worst water problems. During the hot and dry summer months, the wind would often stop blowing, the windmills would often stop running, the stock tanks and creeks would dry up, and the clouds would pass over and not rain. The drought years were difficult years, and it was always hard to find water when you needed it.

When our stock tank dried up, we would drive and lead our horses and mules to some place where there was water. We had a different problem with the cows. When we had to drive them very far, we found it was easier to haul water for them in wood barrels in a wagon. We poured the water out of the barrels into wash tubs or troughs, and the cows would drink all they could hold.

During these kinds of times, we always looked for rain clouds that might bring rain and enough wind to turn the windmill. I can remember when we used up all the water in the cistern, one of us would climb up the windmill ladder to the platform and turn the big wood wheel by hand and get enough drinking water for the family

I would like to write one other story about how the windmills were of help. During the West Texas drought of 1917-1918, there were people who left their homes to go places to find work. Some traveled by covered wagons. We lived on a cross-country road, and sometimes the wagons stopped at our place and the drivers would ask for water for their teams and for drinking water. It was the custom in those days to give anyone water who asked. The travelers carried small wood barrels on the side of their wagons. The barrels held from twelve to fifteen gallons of drinking water. They would water their teams and we would fill the barrel with water from our windmill or cistern. When traveling on the road, their teams would often need water. The wagons carried medium-size buckets, and the drivers would drain some of the water from the barrel into the bucket and the horses would drink from it.
Here are a couple of excerpts about the drought from Roscoe family histories in The First 100 Years: Nolan County, Texas:
Plunkett. Some years later R.R. built a huge barn and erected a windmill with a 16-foot wheel and two fan tails. The windmill pumped water into a large earthen tank. During the drought of 1917-18, sandstorms filled the tank with sand and covered up farm implements and fences, allowing the farm animals to roam freely.

Rannefeld. In 1917 and 1918 not a single bale of cotton was made due to the drought.

Rayburn. The next years, 1917 and 1918, were drought years. The fields around Roscoe turned into dust bowls. There were no crops and many of the men had to leave home in search of work. Henry Rayburn recalls travelling to Norfolk, Virginia, in 1918 to obtain work in the ship yards. The influenza epidemic was killing men by the thousands, and after his brother, Young F. Rayburn, died from the disease at Newport News, Virginia, Henry returned to Roscoe.
Also, when my brothers and I were kids, we heard stories about the drouth of 1917-1918. Here are three I remember:

After a good crop in 1914, my grandfather decided it was time for the family to get an automobile, so he purchased a new Reo, a popular make in those days, and was proud of it because he was one of the first local farmers to own a car. However, when the rains never came in 1917 and no crops came up, that September he put the car in the shed, took the wheels off and put it up on blocks. Then he, his eldest daughter, and two older boys traveled in a mule-drawn covered wagon out to Pecos to pick cotton so the family would have enough money to make it through the winter. His wife stayed at home with a younger daughter and little son. As the covered wagon approached Big Spring, one of the boys, who was about 12, found a nickel in the road. A short while later as they passed through the town, they missed him and wondered where he went. Then they saw him returning to the wagon with an ice-cream cone, and his dad asked him where he got it. He said he bought it with the nickel he found, and for that he got a hard whipping.

Another was about Mancel Pointer, a young Roscoe farmer who was drafted into the army in the spring of 1917. It had not yet rained that spring, but he went ahead and dry-planted a field of wheat before entering the army, receiving his training, and going overseas. There he stayed until the spring of 1919, when he returned to the U.S. and received his discharge. During his welcome home, he asked family members how the wheat crop he’d planted in 1917 turned out, and family members told him to take a look out in the field. There had been no rain until just before he returned, and the wheat he had planted two years earlier was just coming up.

Another was a story my father told us that happened in the spring of 1919 when the rain finally came back. A couple of toddlers were playing outside in the dirt yard while their mother was busy in the house.  All of a sudden, she was surprised by them running into the house screaming and crying. She couldn’t figure out what was wrong with them until she went outside and noticed that it had begun to sprinkle. The toddlers had no idea what the drops of water falling from the sky were because they had no memory of anything like that happening before.

I had planned to include more information, such as how the drought killed Roscoe’s Nolan County Fair, which was never held in Roscoe again but resumed in 1920 in Sweetwater, or how the drought caused a population loss in the area, or how Roscoe’s fate was shared in the Big Country and Panhandle with other farming and ranching communities, as well as other drought stories and news items, but I can see this has already gotten pretty long, so I will close it here.

In short, the 1917-1918 drought was one of those life-changing events that anyone who goes through never forgets and is never quite the same again afterwards.



Monday morning's sunrise.
The area got another rain last week, and, despite the predictions of an early spring, the wet weather was followed by more cool days and nights. Roscoe weatherman Kenny Landfried recorded an official .62” for the rain that fell Wednesday evening and early Thursday morning, and something close to that amount appeared to be general for the whole area.

Following the rain, temperatures were cool for the rest of the week with highs of 43°F on Thursday and 50° on Friday with lows of 30° and 25°. The weekend was a little warmer, but highs were hardly balmy at 62° on Saturday and 58° on Sunday. The high for the week came on Monday, when the afternoon temperature reached 68°, but the warmth all came to a halt on Monday night as a norther blew in with howling wind and cooler temperatures. Yesterday’s high dropped to 52°.

The outlook is for cool and sunny weather today with a high of only 47° and continued strong north wind. However, that will all change tomorrow as the wind shifts to the southwest and temperatures rise. The high should reach 63° tomorrow and 67° Friday, followed by springlike weekend weather with highs in the seventies, 71° on Saturday, 77° on Sunday, and 73° on Monday. Lows will also be warmer at 41° Friday, 49° Saturday, and 55° on Sunday.

Any rain is unlikely before Tuesday, when there will be a 40% chance of precipitation. At least that’s the chance they’re giving us at this time.



Funeral services for Elnor Glynn Freeman, 88, of Roscoe were held on Saturday, February 22, at 10:30am at Roscoe Church of Christ with Rian Freeman officiating. Interment followed at Roscoe Cemetery. She passed away on Thursday, February 20.

Elnor was born in Lamesa on March 7, 1931, to Homer and Gertrude McLeod and moved to Roscoe when she was 9 years old. She graduated from Roscoe High School when she was 16, then attended and graduated from Abilene Christian University. She married Jerland Fred Freeman on December 18, 1949, in Roscoe. She was a member of Roscoe Church of Christ for over 80 years and taught vacation bible school for many years. She was a Roscoe Plowboys fan and loved watching football. She worked at KXOX and was a member of the garden club. In 1975, she started a tradition of Sunday lunch, where family and friends would come by, and carried it through last Sunday. She loved to cook and was a devoted wife, mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother.

Elnor is survived by her daughter, Pat Hagerman and husband Steve of Roscoe, Jeanetta Monday and husband Douglas of Shelbyville, Indiana; sons, Don Freeman of Roscoe and Steve Freeman and wife Jani of Brownwood; 16 grandchildren and 23 great-grandchildren; sister, Robbie Ratliff of Brownwood; brother Wade McLeod and wife Judy of Round Rock; daughter-in-law Linda Freeman of Colorado City; son-in-law, Edwin Teltschik of Sinton; and numerous nieces, nephews, and cousins.

Elnor was preceded in death by her husband, Jerland Freeman (2011); parents, Homer and Gertrude McLeod; son, Freddy Freeman (2007); daughter, Terri Jo Teltschik; grandson, Chris Hagerman (2017); great-grandson, Devon Reece Freeman (2015); and sisters, Betsy Scott (2015) and Mary Jo Cardwell (1988).

Pallbearers were her grandsons and granddaughters and honorary pallbearers were her great-grandchildren.


Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Roscoe's Heyday - Part 2 - 1910-1916

Roscoe, ca. 1910. The view is to the south, looking down Cypress from the railroad tracks with the lumber yard at lower left.
Editor’s note: (Roscoe's Heyday, Part 1 -1904-1909 was three weeks ago in the January 29 Roscoe Hard Times.) In 1910, my grandfather, J. F. Duncan, bought a farm three miles southwest of Roscoe and brought his family and belongings from east Texas on the train. My father, Everett Duncan, was seven years old and a first grader. He spoke of two things that happened that year. One was the return of Halley’s Comet, which was clearly visible in the early evening sky during April and May, and the other was the first airplane ever to fly over Roscoe. The teachers stopped classes just before it came and took everyone out to the playground to watch it as it flew over. Times were changing.

By 1910, Roscoe was a thriving west Texas community on two railroads with a good school, several churches, a thriving business district, community-minded citizens, and a progressive city government. It was seen throughout the region as a successful, growing city and, because of the Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific Railway, as a transportation hub.

This second railroad, connecting with the Texas & Pacific at Roscoe, opened the northwest to rail transport all the way to Fluvanna, which immediately became a cattle-shipping center. Ranchers in that region no longer had to drive their cattle all the way to Colorado City to get them to the Fort Worth markets. And cattle weren’t the only riders on the trains. Traveling salesmen and businessmen were regulars along with incoming settlers and their families.

RS&P Engine No. 2, purchased in 1909, replaced the older Engine No. 1.
Roscoe residents could—and many did—go on pleasant fifty-mile train excursions to Fluvanna, spend the night in a hotel there, eat in a restaurant, go out to the caprock for the views, and return to Roscoe the next day. And Fluvanna folks were taking trips to Roscoe for the same reason, a ride on the train, a look at the countryside, a night in a hotel, and a visit to a different city.

The little railroad’s early success made it the subject of speculation about what its next moves would be. In June 1910, the Railway Age Gazette reported that an extension was in the works to extend the railroad 75 miles east to Cross Plains with the T&P financially involved. There was also talk of extending the line to the meat-packing plants in Sweetwater and the sale of the RS&P to the Santa Fe, but none of these ventures were ever realized.

However, in February 1913, the Texas & Pacific daily passenger train that ran between Dallas and Sweetwater was extended to Roscoe to link it directly with the RS&P traffic to and from the northwest, so Roscoe became the western terminal on the daily T&P runs to and from Dallas, which greatly benefitted its local hotels and restaurants.

When my mother, born in Cisco in 1907, was a little girl, she visited an older married sister, who lived in Sweetwater. One day, for some reason, they came to Roscoe. My mother told me she thought it was the prettiest town she’d ever seen with its clean, wide streets and white houses, each with a windmill, in her mind just like a Dutch village.

The town didn’t have a city water system until 1911, so the windmills had been necessary, but all that changed after a disastrous downtown fire. On the evening of January 11, 1911 (1-11-11), a fire broke out in Jarmon’s General Store on the north side of Broadway and completely destroyed it along with W. T. Pool’s store next to it. It also did considerable damage to most of the other businesses on that side of the street, which prompted the City Council to propose a bond issue of $7500 to create a city water works. The citizens easily passed the measure, and later that year the city bought and erected the downtown water tower that became a Roscoe landmark for the next 75 years. They also drilled new wells, put in water mains for downtown and the surrounding area, and removed the old city windmill and water trough.

The general store on the corner of 1st and Main in 1915. Note that the cars are all on one side while the buggies and wagons are on the other.
It was also in these years that cars became common sights on the streets of Roscoe. Dr. J. W. Young was most likely the first resident ever to use one regularly starting in 1909, and many Roscoe folks got their first automobile rides with him. But old photos of downtown Roscoe before 1912 don’t show any cars in the streets. After that year though, they are more frequent, and by 1915, there appear to be as many cars on the road as horse or mule-drawn conveyances.

Along with the increase of motor vehicles came demands for better streets and roads. The highway between Roscoe and Sweetwater was improved, and in 1913 an ordinance was passed requiring every able-bodied male to either work 5 days on the streets or pay $3. In 1916 the city passed its first rules for automobiles on Roscoe streets. The speed limit was 12 miles an hour, and each automobile must have a bell or gong audible at 300 feet, which should be sounded 50 feet before reaching an intersection, but must not be sounded when passing another vehicle. 

The St. George Hotel on the north side of 1st and Pecan, ca. 1912.
Roscoe also became known for the Nolan County Fair, which it put on every year in east Roscoe, about where the Oncor substation is today. The fairgrounds sported a fine oval racetrack, a midway, a baseball field, and an area for parking buggies, wagons, and automobiles. First held in 1910, it grew with each passing year, drew huge crowds, and was recognized as one of the major annual fairs of west Texas, along with the ones in Abilene, Big Spring, Midland, and Pecos.

On October 11, 1911, the Abilene Daily Reporter said, “A most successful county fair was closed at Roscoe last week. Roscoe has not a large number of inhabitants, but what the town lacks in numbers is well made up in progressiveness, determination, and harmony.”

On July 19, 1912, it reported, “There were between 1500 and 2000 people present at the basket picnic at the Nolan County Fair Grounds in the east edge of Roscoe Wednesday of this week.”

And on July 31, 1914, the Roscoe Times proclaimed that the upcoming fair would have “the finest and most complete line of farm and garden exhibits ever seen. A splendid racing program has been arranged, and a big carnival company has been engaged. They have 150 people, and seven rail cars are required to transport the equipment.”

The fairs of 1915 and 1916 were reportedly even larger with special reduced T&P train fares for fair goers from Dallas to El Paso, and similar reduced rates on the RS&P. 

The Roscoe Historical Museum still has a complete program for the 1915 fair available online by clicking here. An article with details about the 1915 fair is in the Roscoe Hard Times, January 9, 2013, available here.

Ben Goodnight, Roscoe's public cotton weigher for many years.
The years 1914, ‘15, and ‘16 were also some of the best ever in the Roscoe area for crops. Concerning the 1914 and 1915 cotton crops, there was this gin report from the Roscoe Times of March 10, 1916:
All the Roscoe gins have closed down for the season. Ben F. Goodnight, public weigher, reports that 5,601 bales of cotton have been received at the yard. He thinks there are 200 or 300 bales of cotton still scattered over the area. This is the second largest crop in the history of the town, the largest having been that of 1914.
And in a September 15, 1915, article about the upcoming Nolan County Fair in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, fair president Monroe McCauley had this to say,
We confidently expect a very successful fair. Crops were never better in Nolan county. We have already made and harvested a bumper wheat and oat crop, wheat making from twenty to thirty-five bushels to the acre, and oats an average of better than fifty bushels to the acre. Milo maize, kaffir corn, feterita, Sudan grass and other forage are especially fine. Cotton promises to produce a bale to a bale and a half to the acre. Fruit, melons, and vegetable gardens have seldom been equaled.
And speaking of town harmony, Roscoe showed its community spirit in 1914 when over 17 inches of rain fell in about three weeks, and this article ran in the May 25 Fort Worth Star-Telegram:

ROSCOE, Texas, May 25 [1914]. This town will be completely evacuated Wednesday and Thursday, when all of the male population will turn out to help farmers, plant, cultivate, and plow their crops. The two days have been set aside as “farm days.”

Since the first day of May, seventeen and one-half inches of rain has fallen, putting the ground in the best condition known for twenty years. The rains kept many farmers out of their fields, allowing the weeds to get a big start, also preventing planting some of the late crops.

Labor is scarce and the merchants have volunteered to help out the farmers. Bankers, merchants, and office men will be found riding a planter or cultivator holding the handles of a “foot-burner” plow, or wielding a hoe along the corn rows of the Roscoe country. All field crops, especially small grains, are in splendid condition.
Looking south at Cypress and 1st, about 1912.
Besides the increased improvements to the streets and roads, the city also got electricity in 1914 when the lines were extended from Sweetwater to Colorado City. There had been an earlier agreement in 1909 to get electricity from a company in Stanton, and the city bought a lot for the electric plant, but the deal fell through. So, when the West Texas Electric Company lines came through in 1914, everyone was happy, and this notice ran in the March 6 Roscoe Times:

We are informed that the electric light and power line to be built from Sweetwater to Colorado City has been started and will follow the public highway.

A force of men began work Monday preparing the poles for the wires. This line will give Roscoe lights, something she has needed for a long time.

Similar lines are being put up in various portions of Texas, and the day may not be too far distant when they will be almost as common as telephone lines.

Let the good work go on.
By 1916, prospects for Roscoe were as good or better than ever. Known throughout the region as a successful, well-organized community, it had experienced several years of steady growth and improvement. The school was good, churches strong and well-attended, the business district thriving, and the crops bountiful. Along with the electricity, city water, rail transport, cars and road improvements, its residents enjoyed conveniences unheard of just a few years earlier, such as confectionaries with ice cream and milk shakes or the Gem Theater with its silent “picture shows.” Life was good in Roscoe, and folks were optimistic about the future.

Little did they know what Mother Nature had in store for them in 1917 and 1918.


(For source information not already provided in article.)
Railway Age Gazette, June 24, 1910, p. 1815.
RS&P Newsletter 1977, p. 4. (Excursions, travel to Fluvanna)
“T&P Terminal in Roscoe,” Abilene Daily Reporter, Feb. 14, 1914.
“Roscoe in Years Gone By: The Downtown Fire of 1911,” Roscoe Hard Times, May 27, 2015.
“City of Roscoe Has Glorious Past, Active Present, Great Future,” Roscoe Times, December 9, 1938.


Shannon Sanders placed 4th in the American Middle Weight Steer Class at the San Angelo Stock Show.


Roscoe lawyer Chris Hartman has been disbarred by the State Bar of Texas.  He was an unindicted co-conspirator with John Young and Ray Zapata in the 2017 trial over the forged will of John Sullivan.  

On February 3, he appeared before a District 16 grievance committee, which found the following facts concerning him, viz., that he knowingly made a false statement of material fact or law to a tribunal; that he committed a serious crime or criminal act; that he engaged in conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit or misrepresentation; and that he knowingly failed to disclose a fact to a tribunal when disclosure was necessary to avoid assisting a criminal or fraudulent act.

In addition to surrendering his law license, he was ordered to pay $15,100 in court costs and attorney fees, to immediately notify his clients in writing of his disbarment, and to return their files and funds. He was also ordered to pay $10,000 if he appeals the judgment.



February 27 – Buffalo Relays – Cross Plains
March 7 – Bluebonnet Relays – Brownwood
March 20 – Blackland Divide Relays – Roscoe
March 27 – Bold Gold Caprock Relays – Post
April 4 – District 8-AA Meet – Albany
April 16 – District 7 & 8-AA Meet – Clyde
April 24-25 – Region 1 AA Meet – Levelland
May 8-9 – State AA Meet – Austin


February 28 – JH Lone Wolf Relays – Colorado City
March 2 – JH Tiger Relays – Anson
March 17 – JH Blackland Divide Relays – Roscoe
March 28 – District 8-AA Meet – Roscoe



The Plowboys wound up their basketball season with a 69-45 loss last night in Hawley. Brayan Medina led the scoring for the Plowboys with 18. 

Last Friday, they lost to Stamford in Stamford 48-20. Hunter Anglin led the scoring for the Plowboys with 8 in that one.

Stamford 48 – Plowboys 20

Scores by quarters:
Stamford          14        30        39        48
Plowboys            9        14         17        20

Individual Plowboy scoring: Hunter Anglin 8, Ryan Highsmith 4, Junior Martinez 3, Brayan Medina 3, Juan Pablo Leaños 2.

Hawley 69 – Plowboys 45

Scores by quarters:
Hawley             20        39        53        69
Plowboys          10        17        34        45

Individual Plowboy scoring: Medina 18, Highsmith 13, Aguayo 11, Tristan Baker 3.



Valentine's Day sunset.
There wasn’t any significant precipitation this past week, but otherwise there was a little bit of everything, warm, cold, windy, calm, sunny, cloudy—and more rain may be on the way later today or tonight.
Last Thursday was cold with a high of only 37°F and a low of 28°, and Friday morning was even cooler at 25°. Friday’s high was up to 52° however, and Saturday afternoon was quite nice with a high of 69°. Sunday was even better with sunny skies, a light breeze, and a high of 76°.

This was the second balmy weekend in a row. It’s been fortunate that when we have had some warm weather, it’s been on the weekends. The warm weather extended into Monday with a high of 74°, but all that changed Monday night when the wind shifted to the north and the temperature dropped. Yesterday’s high was down to 51°.

Rain is in the forecast starting this evening with an 80% chance of precipitation, decidedly cooler temperatures, and cloudy skies for the rest of this week. Today’s high is forecast to be only 44°, tomorrow’s 41°, and Friday’s 46° with morning lows in the thirties or upper twenties. Saturday should be warmer at around 58° with the sun breaking out. Sunday will be warm and sunny with a high of 68° along with a strong west wind. Then, the first part of next week will once again be sunny and warm.

According to the predictions of the groundhog in Pennsylvania and the armadillo in Austin, we should be having spring weather by now, but so far I don’t see it.


Wednesday, February 12, 2020

RWE to Build Second Inadale Battery Unit

The current  lithium-ion battery system at Inadale Wind Farm.
RWE Renewables (formerly E.ON) has signed a land lease to build and operate a second battery storage unit next to the current one about five miles northwest of Roscoe. The first one went online in January 2018 and is part of the Inadale Wind Farm. It was the first battery storage system specifically built for a wind farm in the US and has proved successful, thus the plans for the new one.

The multi-million-dollar project is RWE’s first expansion of a battery storage unit in the United States. Construction is set to begin in the next couple of months.

These energy storage systems are designed to alleviate one of wind energy’s problems, which is that electricity from wind energy is produced when the wind blows and not necessarily when it is needed. However, battery storage units allow stored wind energy to be fed into the transmission lines at such times, making wind a more reliable energy source.

RWE (Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG), a German electric company, is Europe’s third-largest renewable energy provider.



City Manager Cody Thompson addresses the Council at yesterday's meeting.
At its monthly meeting in City Hall yesterday evening, the City Council heard reports from the Police Chief and City Manager and conducted routine business.

City Manager Cody Thompson reported on a trip to Austin, where he and Josh Jones, a city employee of the water and sewer department, attended a stakeholders’ meeting of the Texas Water Development Board. The United Missouri Bank there is holding two Roscoe accounts with $2,130,000 funds earmarked for improvements of the city water lines, $330,000 of which will not have to be paid back.

Some necessary paperwork was completed with Young Farm Estates, and ongoing planning and communication with prospective investors and developers was undertaken for property along US 84 on the city’s north side,

The filtration system at the city’s reverse-osmosis water treatment plant continues to be a problem, and measures have been taken in an attempt to employ techniques that cut costs while getting the job done there. Outside advisors have also been consulted.

City employees continue to work to achieve professional certifications in certain areas.

While in Austin, the City Manager visited with the firm conducting the city water and sewer rate study, which should be ready for City Council review and consideration at the March meeting. Rates will most likely change from the current system of charging rates according to number of bathrooms to the volume of water used. Rates will also go up, as the current water rates have not kept up with costs for some time.

Police Chief Felix Pantoja then gave the Police Report for January. He said the Department handled 116 calls, made 2 arrests, gave 13 warnings, issued 4 citations, and dealt with 4 vehicle crashes.

He also wished to report that an Early Childhood Center teacher saved a four-year-old boy’s life through quick action yesterday. The child had a toy bolt in its mouth that he somehow got caught in his throat and was unable to breathe, but Jana Young managed to dislodge it with a Heimlich maneuver. Paramedics arrived, but by then the crisis was over, and the child was okay.



Jacob Essary
Jacob Essary, a Texas country artist from Austin, will be at the Lumberyard Friday evening for a special Valentine’s Day acoustic performance. He’ll be singing his “Without a Warning” and other hits along with traditional country, new country, covers, and originals from 8:00 to 11:00pm.

The cover is only $5.00, so bring your Valentine for a fun evening at the Lumberyard. For reservations or more information, contact the Lumberyard at 325-766-2457.



In a game played in Albany last Tuesday, the Lions beat the Plowboys 47-32. Hunter Anglin led the Plowboys in scoring with 9 points.

Albany 47 – Plowboys 32

Scores by quarters:
Albany               8          16        28        47
Plowboys          8          20        26        32

Individual Plowboy scoring: Hunter Anglin 9, Ryan Highsmith 6, Junior Martinez 6, Brayan Medina 6, Antonio Aguayo 5.

In a home game that was close for the entire contest, the Plowboys lost a tough one to Haskell Friday evening 44-43. Ryan Highsmith had 12 points for the Plowboys.

Haskell 44 – Plowboys 43

Scores by quarters:
Haskell              10        20        33        44
Plowboys          10        20        32        43

Individual Plowboy scoring: Highsmith 12, Martinez 11, Anglin 8, Tristan Baker 6, Medina 3, Aguayo 3.

They lost another close one in Cross Plains last night, 41-37. Hunter Anglin led the Plowboys with 12 points, while Brayan Medina had 11.

Cross Plains 41 – Plowboys 37

Scores by quarters:
Cross Plains      9          16        24        41
Plowboys           8          13        18        37

Individual Plowboy scoring: Anglin 12, Medina 11, Highsmith 6, Aguayo 4, Martinez 2, Baker 2.

The Plowboys play their last two games away, Stamford in Stamford Friday and Hawley in Hawley next Tuesday.



The Plowgirls fell to Haskell 76-50 Friday evening at home, as the district-leading Maidens continued their march to the title. Carson Greenwood led the Plowgirls with a season-high 27 points. 

The Plowgirls also lost to Cross Plains last night in Cross Plains 58-27. Shauna McCambridge let the Plowgirls with 10 points.

Haskell 76 – Plowgirls 50

Scores by quarters:
Haskell             23        41        53        76
Plowgirls            6        14        27        50

Individual Plowgirl scoring: Carson Greenwood 27, Shauna McCambridge 8, Kaylea Perez 8, Cameron Greenwood 4, Mia Lavalais 2, Anahi Ortega-Solis 1.

Cross Plains 58 – Plowgirls 27

Scores by quarters:
Cross Plains       15        37       48        58
Plowgirls              4        11        21        27

Individual Plowgirl scoring: McCambridge 10, Lavalais 6, Cr. Greenwood 4, Perez 4, Cm. Greenwood 3.

The Plowgirls’ basketball season is now complete. It’s time to hang up the basketball shoes and get ready for track.



The area got a nice rain on Monday.
Unlike some of the recent weather we’ve had this year, the past week has been cool enough to really feel like winter. True, last week’s snow didn’t last long—it was gone from even the shady areas within a couple of days, but it did, along with a nippy north wind, cool the weather enough that my coat got plenty of use. Thursday and Friday had highs of only 41°F and 53°, but the weekend was much nicer with a high of 69° on Friday and 75° on Sunday.

A cold front came in that evening, though, and on Monday morning the sky was overcast with rain starting at 9:30 and lasting until noon. Roscoe weatherman Kenny Landfried recorded .82”. Add that to last week’s rain and snow total of .95” (.53” from the rain and .42” from the snow), and we’ve already got 1.77” for February, which averages only 1.00” for the entire month. So, in that regard, we’re currently ahead of the game.

The forecast is for continued cool, cloudy weather until Saturday. Today’s high should be around 53° with a good possibility of more rain this morning. This afternoon, clearing off will begin, and we may see some sunshine later on. Tomorrow will also be cool with a high of 45°, and Friday’s will be similar with a high of 51°. The weekend should be warmer but with continued cloudy skies. Saturday’s high will be around 66°, Sunday’s 72°, and Monday’s 71°, all with corresponding increases in the lows, which will be in the forties and fifties.

The chances for rain, however, will be slight with chances of only 10% to 20%.



Graveside services for Betty Jean Bourland Ussery, 89, of Round Rock will be at 2:00pm, Saturday, February 15 at the Roscoe Cemetery with Rev. Juanelle Jordan officiating. She passed away peacefully in her sleep, February 9, after a long battle with heart disease.

Her last heroic effort was pushing her life alert button that saved her son Mark’s life on Tuesday, February 4. Mark tirelessly took care of Mother for many years and his efforts will always be remembered. Rest in Peace, Momma. We love and miss you but know that you are no longer suffering and at peace in the arms of our loving Heavenly Father.

Betty is survived by her children, Tony Ussery and wife Jan; Mark Ussery; and Tammi Dufresne and husband Ken; her grandchildren, Amber Ussery and Evan Ussery, Chrissy Carrier and husband Chase, and their children Gavin and Easton Carrier.

She was predeceased by her beloved mother and father, Charlie and Mary Bourland; her sister, Charlene Branscum; brother, Jerry Bourland; husband. Bobby Ussery; and son, Mitch Ussery; beloved daughter, sister, wife, mother, grandmother and great-grandmother.



Funeral services for Jimmy Boyd Wallace, 71, will be at Immanuel Baptist Church at 4020 East University in Odessa tomorrow, February 13, at 10:00am. He passed away peacefully on Sunday, February 9, at Medical Center Hospital in Odessa.

Graveside services for all family and friends at Roscoe Cemetery are tomorrow, February 13, at 3:00pm, where he will be placed at final rest.

Visitation is at Sunset Memorial in Odessa, today, February 12, from 6-8pm.

Jimmy was born on September 24, 1948, in Roscoe to Barney and Lillie Bell Wallace. He was the youngest of four children, with one sister and two brothers. He was a proud ’67 Roscoe Plowboy graduate. He always bragged that he was “in the top 28 of his class.” Jimmy was a Mason and a Shriner.

He married Donna Wallace on February 7, 2009. She was the love of his life, and they were happily married for 11 years.

Jimmy was a retired police officer of Big Spring PD and deputy sheriff of Howard County. He was proud to serve the community for 25 years. He loved to share many stories of how he protected the citizens of Howard County and Big Spring. After retiring, he worked as the grooming manager of PetSmart in Midland for 10 years. He loved and was loved by his employees as well as his customers. He had many jobs after leaving PetSmart. He was a pool boy, a “bus driver” for his grandkids, and a darn good ham sandwich maker.

Jimmy was a loving husband, father, stepdad and grandpa. He will be missed by many friends as well as his family.

He is preceded in death by his parents and two brothers, Don Larry and Gary Lynn.

He is survived by his loving wife, Donna Wallace; his big sister, Tommie Ruth Wallace; his daughters, Tania Wallace Brown and Jerry DeLoera; Wendie Wallace; Whitney Thomas and Matt Thomas; Christina Silvas; Anita McKay and husband Kelly McKay; and his son, Jacob Crumpton and wife Haleigh Crumpton.

PeePaw Jimmy is also survived by 17 grandchildren; Laney Wallace, Landry Brown, Maddisyn and Macie Olivas, Harvey Thomas, Hannah, Hallie, Alexia and Addisyn Silvas, Anabelle, Madelyn, Emma, Houston and Karley McKay, Jordyn, Baleigh and Colton Crumpton and two great-grandchildren Knoxi Quinn Wallace and Ava Silvas.

The family would like to express their gratitude towards all of the staff in the CCU at ORMC as well as the staff at the Continue Care in Medical Center Hospital. A special thank you for the continuing care from Dr. Dar and Kelly Wenger, PA.

In life’s troubles remember as Jimmy would always say “100 years from now no one will ever know the difference.”

Arrangements are under the direction of Sunset Memorial Gardens & Funeral Home.  To sign the guestbook, please visit


Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Winter Storm Hits Area

The view from my front yard this morning.
Sunday was Groundhog Day, and both Punxsutawney Phil up in Pennsylvania and Bee Cave Bob, the prognosticating armadillo down in Austin, have both proclaimed that we are in for an early spring this year. 

And maybe we are, but you wouldn’t know it from what we’ve been experiencing yesterday and so far today. It's 25°F out there with wind chills ranging from 15° to 18°. There's snow everywhere, and a winter storm warning is in effect until six o'clock this afternoon with more snow expected and a low tonight of 19°. Roscoe and Highland schools and the Open Door Day Care Center are all having a snow day, and it's hard to tell, but it looks like we've already got between 2½" and 3" of snow. So far, this looks a lot like the winter we haven't been having this year.
Up until yesterday, the weather was just fine, a bit cool toward the end of last week with a high of 41°F on Thursday and 53° on Friday with lows of 31° and 29° respectively, but the weekend was nice and warm with highs of 69° Saturday, 75° Sunday, and 73° Monday. All that changed yesterday as the southwest breezes of the weekend shifted to the north and the cold weather arrived. 

It rained intermittently starting at about 5:20 yesterday afternoon up until about midnight. It's hard to tell from looking at my rain gauge, which is covered with snow, but it appears that we got at least .6" of rain last night before it turned first to sleet and then to snow.

The forecast today is for a high of 29° and continued snow into the afternoon with a nippy north breeze of 15mph or so. However, the winds will die down this evening and by tomorrow morning they will have shifted to the west-southwest, which along with clear, sunny skies will bring on a warming trend and a high of 44°, which will increase to 58° on Friday. Saturday will also be sunny with a high of 54°, and then Sunday afternoon will be sunny with southerly breezes and a high of 68°, which is T-shirt weather.

There is also a chance for more precipitation the first part of next week, 30% on Monday and 40% on Tuesday and Wednesday.



Frances Richburg was featured in an Abilene Reporter-News article on Sunday about the then upcoming Super Bowl. As most people in Roscoe already know, her grandson Weston Richburg is the starting center for the San Francisco 49ers, one of this year’s Super Bowl teams. Unfortunately, however, he was not able to play in Sunday’s big game because of an injury he suffered earlier that he still hasn’t recovered from, but of course that didn’t keep him—or his grandma—from cheering for their team.

The article was written by Reporter-News sports reporter Stephen Garcia. It appeared in the Sunday paper on page B2 and is available online here.



By Dan Boren
Roscoe Firemen with their shield. Veronica Cuellar and Dan Boren are at right.
On February 3rd, representatives from EduMake-it formally presented a Maltese cross shield to the Roscoe Volunteer Fire Department.  The department had placed an order for the sign after seeing some of the other signs EMI had on display at the Roscoe Wind Festival in October. 

After receiving the order, the students working with EduMake-it suggested that the student-led business donate the shield to the department to demonstrate a small token of appreciation for the service and sacrifice of the department.  Presenting the shield were Veronica Cuellar, Esperanza Sanchez (not pictured), and Dan Boren.

EduMake-it currently can be found on Facebook, Instagram, Etsy, Twitter and on the Roscoe Collegiate website under EduBusiness.



Plowgirls and Albany as seen on the EduDrone broadcast yesterday.
The Plowgirls broke their losing streak Friday evening with a big 35-32 home win over Hawley. They jumped out to an early lead in the first quarter and maintained it for the rest of the game. 

The Greenwood sisters led the team in scoring with 11 points each while Shauna McCambridge pulled down 11 rebounds.

Scores by quarters:
Plowgirls          13        19        25        35
Hawley               7         11        19        32

Individual Plowgirl scoring: Carson Greenwood 11, Cameron Greenwood 11, Shauna McCambridge 8, Kaylea Perez 3, Mia Lavalais 2.

Then they fell to Albany in an overtime heartbreaker in Albany last night 45-43 in a game that was televised by RCHS students on the EduDrone Facebook page. Unless I’ve missed something, that was a first—at least it was for me. In a close game with several lead changes, the Plowgirls fought back in the last quarter to tie the game only to be outscored by two in overtime.

Scores by quarters:
Albany              5          13        29        37        45
Plowgirls          7          15        23        37        43

Individual Plowgirl scoring: Cr. Greenwood 12, Cm. Greenwood, Perez 9, McCambridge 6, Riley Sheridan 3, Lavalais 3.

The Plowgirls play Haskell in Roscoe this Friday and Cross Plains in Cross Plains next Tuesday.



The Plowboys-Albany game broadcast on EduDrone yesterday.
The Plowboys fell to Hawley 55-48 at the Special Events Center Friday evening. They are now 1-4 in district play.

Scores by quarters:
Hawley              18        35        38        55
Plowboys          10        26        36        48

Individual Plowboy scoring: Tristan Baker 14, Ryan Highsmith 12, Brayan Medina 9, Hunter Anglin 9, Junior Martinez 4.

Next up for the Plowboys is Haskell here Friday evening and Cross Plains there next Tuesday.

(At posting time I still had not received stats for last night's Albany game.)



These are the results of the RCISD entries in the recent Nolan County Livestock Show in the Nolan County Coliseum January 15-18. They were received too late to put in last week’s issue, so I’m posting them now. 

The place finished for each entry is given next to the presenter’s name. Photos are from RCHS Ag teacher Shelley Gunter.

Place    Name

Class 1
2 – Braxton Smith
3 – Krslyn Jackson
11 – Cheyenne Moorhead
15 – Vonnie Watts
18 – Kadence Lane
20 – James Hamlin
Class 2
8 – Braxton Smith
20 – Shauna McCambridge

3 – Jr. Showmanship - Alice Benner
4 – Kinzley Hutton
12 – Elizabeth Holmes
16 – Ryan Roberson

Class 1
2 – Shannon Sanders
Class 2
2 – Shannon Sanders
Class 1
2 – Reserve Breed Champion – Kelbi Parks
Class 2
2 – Kelbi Parks

Class 1
4 – Cheyenne Moorhead
Class 3
4 – Kaycee Gunter
Class 6
2 – Carson Greenwood
4 – Cameron Greenwood
Class 8
2 – Cameron Greenwood
3 – Kaycee Gunter

Black OPB
Class 1
4 - Kelbi Parks
Class 2
2 – Xander Moffett
3 – Zeke Murphy
7 – Jacob Kiser
Class 3
5 – Lincoln Tiemann

Class 1
8 – Aiden Richburg
Class 3
10 - Ethan Figueroa
Class 4
1 – Jacob Kiser
3 – Seth Wilcox
5 – Lincoln Tiemann
6 – Gaven Martinez
8 – Aiden Richburg
9 – Dakota Freeman

Class 1
8 – Aiden Richburg
10 – Gunner Helm
Class 2
4 – Dakota Freeman
5 – Colson Moffett
7 – Gunner Helm
9 – Xander Moffett
Class 3
1 – Montana McCoy
3 – Colson Moffett
4 – Analicia Granados
6 – Vonnie Watts
7 – Reese Kiser

Class 1
8 – Vonnie Watts
Class 2
4 – Aiden Richburg
5 – Kelbi Parks
Class 3
2 – Seth Wilcox
6 – Reese Kiser
7 – Sayge McCambridge

White OPB
Class 1
3 – Seth Wilcox
Class 2
1 – Alyssa Aguilar

Class 2
3 – Kelbi Parks

Livestock Judging Contest
2 – Intermediate – Vonnie Watts
1 – Junior – Colson Moffett



Editor’s note: On Monday, I was in the Roscoe State Bank and Shane Tomlin handed me an old loose-leaf binder containing several pages of notes and information typed up by R. E. Gracey about fifty years ago for the Roscoe Historical Museum. Part of it was excerpts from the memoirs of Wirt White, who along with the White family were early pioneers of the area. Originally from Louisiana, the Whites moved to Mulberry Canyon east of Sweetwater in 1881 and lived there until moving to Roscoe in 1900. The following is a selection of his memories of those early years.

The Great Drouth

The years of 1886 and 1887 were known as the great dry years. The coldest weather ever recorded in Texas was Feb. 12, 1887. As a result of the continued drouth, the ground being bare of vegetation caused the starvation of thousands of head of horses, cattle, and sheep. Even the rabbits, prairie dogs, skunks, and chaparrals died from starvation.

It was during this cold spell that twin boys from Merkel were caught out with a herd of sheep when the blizzard hit. They were found frozen to death clasped in each other’s arms. I am not real sure of their name, but I think it was either Cox or Wortham. Their parents lived in Merkel.

The Hot Winds

Hot winds in West Texas seemed to have been more common in the nineties than they do in these days. In April and May of 1896, we had good rains, which caused the grass, crops, and in fact all kinds of vegetables to grow rapidly. The face of the earth looked like a flower garden. All of our crops were planted early, and they promised a bountiful yield.

On the morning of May 30th, we stepped out to see the most peculiar day we had ever seen. The sky was clear of all clouds, but there was a smoky look in every direction, a closeness of atmosphere, and an occasional blast of very hot wind from the southwest. By noon, the hot wind was blowing steady but not as strong as in a regular sandstorm. It continued to blow through the afternoon but got so hot it was almost unbearable. By the middle of the night it was still hotter, and that was the first time in my life I had ever seen a hot wind blow all night. This continued unceasingly for three days and nights, the last day seemed to be the hottest of all. Our corn and sorghum crops were full of sap at the beginning but were now burned to a crisp, and most of it was lying on the ground. Cotton was so badly damaged that most of the leaves were parched like on an uprooted stalk, but cotton did go on to make a light yield, but the feed was ruined.

Roscoe Amusements

Young men and their dates on a picnic with watermelon.
Roscoe at this period of its history had no baseball team of any note, no picture show, no swimming pool, so some might wonder what we did for amusement and pastime. Everybody seemed to have a good time one way or another. As I have mentioned on previous pages, most of the young men had horses and buggies. They would drive with their dates to some creek or lake for a picnic. Some had riding horses and saddles. The girls rode side-saddles. I took my future wife (Miss Hattie Lewis) on some of these picnics. About twice a week, some family would have a 42 party or an ice-cream supper or a combination of the two. This brought about a lot of chatter in a very jovial manner.

Claude Haley put in a skating rink and quite a few got to be good skaters. Claude Lagow got to be quite a trick skater and won some prizes at Dallas.

[Editor’s note: The skating rink was also mentioned in the June 1, 1906 Roscoe Times: The Roscoe Skating Rink was opened last Monday night with a good size crowd in attendance. Large crowds have been attending nightly and taking part in this popular sport. The specials for tonight are a potato race and racing. Saturday night there will be a barrel race and lots more.]

One form of entertainment at Roscoe was meeting the T & P passenger train at the depot. The westbound, No. 3, came through after six o’clock P. M. after the stores were closed, and everybody and their dogs would be there to meet it. Back in those days before any negroes lived in Roscoe, the boys dealt them misery by rocking them. The negro porters would not get off the train to assist the passengers. Before the turn of the century some of the boys had kidnapped a porter and kept him out all night, and the word had gotten around.

Molly Bailey and other overland shows played Roscoe every fall a good crop was made.

Occasionally we would have a possum hunt and coon hunt on the Finn Creek on the Seales Ranch [now the Young Ranch southeast of Roscoe]. Fred Crum always kept a string of coon dogs (flop-eared dogs). He carried them in a cage built on the back of an old buggy. When they hit the trail of a coyote, Fred would call them off with his dog horn made from an old horn. No matter how hot the trail, running coyotes at night with that kind of dogs is a delayed game as they cannot run fast enough to catch them. One night the hounds treed two possums in a hackberry tree, and as they were shaken out, they wrapped the tails around a small limb and hung on. Some of the girls that had never seen a possum hunt nearly went into spasms.

Some of the girls organized what was known as the Girls Club. This was a social club that met once a week. They later affiliated with the Federated Clubs of Texas and organized a good library. My wife, Hattie Lewis, was their first president. They would often put on plays or minstrels shows using their own talent and sometimes some outsiders. They would always be a regular scream. You can see that time did not drag for anyone that wished to participate. We had three or four churches here, and their activities added to the things to do and at the same time do good.

Our schools were good, and their activities were helpful for those of school age. Various families would open their homes for school children parties. The Roscoe and Champion folks provided their own wholesome entertainment. Many friendships were made that have endured the times.


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